Source Information

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Łódź, Poland, Vital Records of Jews in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944 (USHMM) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2013.

This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors. The World Memory Project is part of the World Archives Project - a community collaborative effort that allows thousands of people around the world to help preserve history that would otherwise be lost. Click here to see additional World Memory Project collections.

About Łódź, Poland, Vital Records of Jews in the Łódź Ghetto, 1939-1944 (USHMM)

This database contains information from birth, marriage, divorce, and death records of Jews living in the Łódź ghetto. The city of Łódź is located about 75 miles southwest of Warsaw, Poland. The Jews of Łódź formed the second largest Jewish community in prewar Poland, after Warsaw. In 1940, German troops occupying Łódź established a ghetto in the city's northeastern section, which was isolated from the rest of Łódź with barbed-wire fencing.

Living conditions in the ghetto were harsh. Most of the quarter had neither running water nor a sewer system. Hard labor, overcrowding, and starvation were the dominant features of life. The overwhelming majority of ghetto residents worked in German factories, receiving only meager food rations from their employers. More than 20 percent of the ghetto's population died as a direct result of the harsh living conditions.

In 1942, German authorities began deporting Jews from Łódź to the Chełmno killing center. In 1944, the surviving ghetto residents were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Depending on the record type, index entries in this database may include the following details:

  • name
  • birth date
  • birthplace
  • father’s name
  • mother’s name
  • spouse’s name
  • spouse’s father’s name
  • spouse’s mother’s name
  • marriage date
  • age at marriage
  • residence
  • occupation
  • spouse occupation
  • spouse address
  • spouse birth date
  • spouse birthplace
  • marriage banns date and place
  • divorce date
  • death date

Historical Background

More information about the Łódź ghetto is available in the online Holocaust Encyclopedia. Click here to watch video footage from the ghetto.

Ordering Original Records

Additional details about these victims may be included in the original records. While the index is freely accessible from, the images of these records are not available in this database. Copies of the images can be ordered at no cost from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Click here for ordering information.

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