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Most of these records are in the German language but there are also records in RussianFor best results, you should first search using German words and location spellings. If you do not find what you are looking for, try using Russian.


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Source Information

Ancestry.com. Soviet Union, Records from Soviet Commission to Investigate Nazi Crimes, 1940-1945 (USHMM) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.

This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors. The World Memory Project is part of the Ancestry.com World Archives Project - a community collaborative effort that allows thousands of people around the world to help preserve history that would otherwise be lost. Click here to see additional World Memory Project collections.

About Soviet Union, Records from Soviet Commission to Investigate Nazi Crimes, 1940-1945 (USHMM)

This database includes information from a diverse collection of documents pertaining to the Eastern Front during World War II. German forces invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 and were consistently victorious as they advanced east, until the battle for Stalingrad in the autumn of 1942. As the Soviet army counter-attacked and moved westward in the remaining years of the war, they liberated countries that had been previously occupied by Germany and began documenting wartime damages and crimes. Some of these documents were later used as evidence during the Nuremberg trials of 1945-46.

The types of documents included in this database include the following:

  • records and directives of the German Army
  • orders, personnel lists, addresses, appeals, and civil and military administration correspondence about the occupied territories
  • questionnaires, lists of Soviet prisoners of war (POWs), Soviet citizens working in captivity, and persons executed by the Gestapo
  • anti-Soviet and anti-Semitic propaganda
  • records related to the interrogation of German POWs by Soviet intelligence, pro-Soviet partisan activity, and the treatment of the Soviet POWs

Note: Some documents contain names of German Army officers and soldiers who deserted and were subject to punishment by Nazi authorities. These names may appear in the index. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the World Memory Project do not necessarily recognize all of these individuals as victims of persecution.

What’s in the Records

These records vary widely, but typical details extracted for this database include the following:

  • name
  • maiden name
  • birth date
  • birthplace
  • nationality
  • marital status
  • residence
  • document type
  • document date

Ordering Records

Additional details about these victims may be included in the original records. While the index is freely accessible from Ancestry.com, the images of these records are not available in this database. Copies of the images can be ordered at no cost from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Click here for ordering information.

Historical Background

More information is available in the online Holocaust Encyclopedia about the Eastern Front and Nazi crimes in the Soviet Union. For information about war crimes trials see the Nuremberg trials.

Help preserve more of these historical records. Join the World Memory Project and participate with thousands of others around the world to create the largest free online resource for information about individual victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution. Anyone can join, and you decide how much time you’ll contribute – as little as 15 minutes helps. Learn more.