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Source Information

Ancestry.com. Czechoslovakia, Jewish Applications for Social Welfare After WWII (USHMM) [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors. The World Memory Project is part of the Ancestry.com World Archives Project - a community collaborative effort that allows thousands of people around the world to help preserve history that would otherwise be lost. Click here to see additional World Memory Project collections.

About Czechoslovakia, Jewish Applications for Social Welfare After WWII (USHMM)

This database contains records of the Ministry of Social Welfare and Czechoslovak Red Cross, which were generated by German occupational institutions and Czech auxiliary agencies dealing with matters of internal security and racial policy, especially anti-Jewish measures.

Prior to World War II, approximately 357,000 people in the Czechoslovak Republic identified themselves as Jews according to the 1930 census. At the war’s end, the Germans and their collaborators killed approximately 263,000 Jews. Many Czech Jews were first sent to Terezin, referred to as Theresienstadt by the Germans, which served as a transit camp. From there, the vast majority was deported to killing sites in the Baltic States and Poland, including Auschwitz.

What You Can Find

Entries in this index may include:

  • name
  • birth date
  • birth place
  • residence/address
  • relationship
  • family members
  • application number

Ordering Records

Additional details about these victims may be included in the original records. While the index is freely accessible from Ancestry.com, the images of these records are not available in this database. Copies of the images can be ordered at no cost from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Click here for ordering information.

Historical Background

More information about the experience of Czech Jews during the Holocaust is available in the online Holocaust Encyclopedia.

Click here to view home movies from the prewar period made by two Czech Jewish families in Prague and Southern Bohemia.